a. the Eucharist
THE ANSWER IS D . Christians called the celebration the Eucharist, the Sacrifice the liturgy and the Breaking of the Bread.
One book that examines how the early Christians celebrated Mass is The Mass of the Early Christians by Mike Aquilina.
Web sites on the Mass
http://www.cin.org/users/james/questions/q106.htm (Protestants go out on a limb in denying Mass as sacrifice, which is not denied by any other Christians, from Eastern Orthodox to Armenians, and from Coptics to Assyrians)
http://www.scripturecatholic.com/revelation_and_the_mass.html (Mass references in Bible)
http://www.ourladyswarriors.org/liturgy/masspower.htm (Find out what famous popes and geniuses said about the Mass)
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Quick Links on the Early Church: Church Fathers, Life of St. Augustine, St. Irenaeus (Bishop of Lyons), Clement of Rome, Clement of Alexandria, St. Ignatius of Antioch, Pelagianism, The Confessions by St. Augustine, The City of God by St. Augustine, the Martyrdom of Polycarp, Epistle to St. Polycarp, St. Basil the Great, St. Cyril of Jerusalem, St. Cyprian of Carthage, St. Jerome, St. Gregory of Nyssa, St. Barnabas, St. John Chrysostom, St. Ambrose, Eusebius, The Faith of the Early Church Fathers book, Did the Church Fathers Believe in Sola Scriptura? Foundations of Protestantism, Still Catholic