1. THE QUESTION WAS: Which came first:?

a. the sign of the cross

b. the Council of Nicaea I?





THE ANSWER IS…..A…..The sign of the cross.


The Council of Nicaea I was in 325 A.D., long after Christians were signing the cross on themselves)

For example, theologian Tertullian, writing in 211, said, “We furrow our forehead with the sign [of the Cross] 


According to Karl Keating’s “Catholicism and Fundamentalism,” making the sign was already an old practice when this was written. (p. 38 “Catholicism & Fundamentalism”


In 386, St. Cyril of Jerusalem wrote: "Let us then not be ashamed to confess the Crucified. Be the cross our seal, made with boldness by our fingers on our brow and in everything; over the bread we eat and the cups we drink, in our comings and in our goings out; before our sleep, when we lie down and when we awake; when we are traveling, and when we are at rest" (Catecheses, 13).


Archeology of the Cross and the Crucifix

Sign of Cross

Catholic Encyclopedia on Sign of Cross

Crosses and Crucifixes

 Sign of Cross Article





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